Bio resource base in India
- Coal Production – 407 million tons (2005-06)
- Biomass production – 420 million tons
- Firewood 220 million tons
- Agro residues 200 million tons)
- Biomass at par with coal, but used inefficiently
- 10 million electric pump sets consuming about
30% of total electricity use
- Huge technical losses (due to low voltage
transmission lives in rural areas) as well as
financial losses (due to theft, free power etc.)
resulting in a revenue loss of $5 billion per year.
- High promise of biomass gasification for irrigation
Power Scenario in India
- Power Installed Capacity : 1,23,542 MW
- Energy Generation (p.a.) : 573.2 bn kWh
- Supply Demand Gap : 9.1 % Peak: 7.4 % Normal
- Per Capita Power Consumption : 606 kWh/Year
- Access to Electricity (Rural) : 44% households
Post installation survey on functionality, problems, performance
- Subsidy structure (Thermal & electrical)
- Incentives under:
VESP (Village Energy Security Program)
RVE (Remote Village Electrification)
RGGVY (Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran
BIOMASS GASIFIER PROGRAMME-Capital subsidy for Biomass Gasifiers
for thermal and electrical applications
- Rs.2.0 lakhs/($ 4400)/300 kWth for thermal
- Rs.2.5 lakhs ($ 5500)/100 kWe for electrical
applications through dual fuel engines.
- Rs.8.00 lakhs ($ 17580)/100 kWe for 100%
producer gas engine with gasifier system
- Rs.6.00 lakhs ($ 13190)/100 kWe for 100%
producer gas engine alone.
The Electricity Act 2003 Relevance to Renewable Energy
- National Policy to permit stand-alone systems including
renewable energy sources for rural areas.
- Open access for carrying electricity from generating plants to
point of use.
- Determination of tariff to consider promotion of cogeneration
of electricity from renewable energy sources.
- Establishment, operation and maintenance of generating
stations has been de-licensed.
- State authorities to specify minimum percentage of renewable
- Transmission and distribution of electricity in rural areas has